5 Ingmar Bergman movies to delve into the mind of a brilliant filmmaker

Chances are, if you are into movies at all and like to gather some background information about the people behind them, you have heard or read the name Ingmar Bergman somewhere, sometime. For me personally, it was in fact my Latin professor back in High School about ten years ago, who brought the Swedish Filmmaker to my attention. He told me something along the lines of “… you should really check out those movies Goat, I think you would really like them”.

And right he was – even though a good ten years have passed, I still find inspiration and a certain type of comfort in them. They stimulate my mind, awakening a deep interest and passion for life and make me want to investigate “what’s out there” – they make me remember that life is a journey, after all.

So since I am the type of person who likes to share stuff I find inspirational, here is a list of 5 movies by Bergman that I really enjoyed watching.

They are in no particular order, just randomly put together, so no need to scroll down to get to the “top of the list” – they are next to impossible to rank anyway.

Wikipedia links will be provided with every list entry.

Keep in mind that, whilst the movies presented here are fabulous and in my opinion do well in capturing the “Bergman spirit”, going through them will probably only make you scratch the surface of what Bergman has to offer to you, personally.

Just one more thing: All the movies included in this list, with the exception of Höstsonaten, are in black/white. Given the release dates, it should be self-explanatory, that there will be no such thing as “Special Effects” in the films. So if you are one of those people who can’t stand “old movies”, then this list is not for you.


Alright then, let’s kickstart this list with some whack stuff. Vargtimmen aka The Hour of The Wolf is a 1968 movie by Bergman, shot primarily on the island of Fårö, that depicts a mentally ill painter slipping into utter insanity. This was actually the first movie by Bergman that I ever watched and when I did, I remember thinking «This is it!» – in the sense that the film perfectly incorporated the melancholic, eerie, empty and cold feeling I had been feeling all my life, which I unsuccessfully sought represented in the outside world. I immediately felt at home with this and have been hooked ever since.

The movie is in part based on Bergmans personal experiences as well as his recurring nightmares, which offers an explanation as to why it has such a deeply personal feel to it.

As is often the case with his works, Vargtimmen is part of a loose, thematically related trilogy that also includes the preceding Skammen and the follow-up En passion.

Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hour_of_the_Wolf


Höstsonaten aka Autumn Sonata from 1978 is a movie that didn’t make a whole lot of sense to me right from the spot. Though this might be due to the fact that it requires a certain disposition from the viewer – namely, the willingness to tap into the emotional struggles presented in the plot.

If you are in the right mood however, Höstsonaten is a compelling movie to watch. Bergman brilliantly manages to turn the interpersonal relationships between the main characters into a very relatable emotional rollercoaster that makes the characters come to life and build up tension, which is then suddenly discharged at the peak of the movie.

After the movie, I remember sitting in my bed, lighting a cigarette thinking “Damn, that was an awesome and interesting movie. But how? It’s basically just about a couple getting a visit from their mother-in-law – how did I get so engaged?”

This movie sticks out from the rest on this list as it is not necessarily mental-illness-themed nor a “horror” movie in the traditional sense, but focuses on the very real, emotional “horror” that can be contained in the relationship between a mother and her child (and especially, the all-too-well-known archetype of the disagreeable mother-in-law).

Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autumn_Sonata

Sjunde inseglet

With it’s release dating back to 1953, Det sjunde inseglet aka The Seventh Seal is one of Bergmans earlier and most well-known works. In contrast to to other picks on this list, that are mostly “theme-driven” in their nature, this one features an actual, easy to follow concept that runs like a common thread through the whole movie. That is, that of a disillisuioned knight who, having lost faith in Christianity (and even humanity?) sets out on an epic, spiritual journey to find the meaning of life, or at the very least, to make sense of his own. All this whilst looking death in the eye, as they are mutually trying to trick each other time and time again as the storyline continues to unfold.

We even get to see Death in person, awkwardly presented to our modern, hollywood-spoiled eyes.

Definitely recommend this one to anyone who finds joy in watching movies that encourage you to conetmplate life and mortality on a deeper level.

Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Seventh_Seal

Through a glass darkly

Even though I’m having a hard time deciding, Through a Glass Darkly from 1961 might be my personal favorite on this list. The sheer eeriness and subtle insanity (not so subtle most of the time actually) of this work is just the kind of shit that I’m into.

The fact that it has mental illness (Schizophrenia) as a theme makes it even more interesting. Knowing people suffering from Schizophrenia/Psychosis, I would argue that Bergmans take on the subject matter (not the only one he did) is relatively realistic, especially in comparison to modern Hollywood representations. Considering this movie was released in ‘61, this is even more impressive.

Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Through_a_Glass_Darkly_(film)


Ok, I’ll admit it: Tystnaden (The Silence) from 1963 was a weird one and to this day I am uncertain of whether I was able to get a whole lot out of it. I loved the atmosphere though, and I enjoyed the weirdness of its (seemingly) non-plot.

Also, it’s got this weird scene with the strangely dressed dwarves, gotta love that one.

Throughout the movie, I actually tried to figure out what country it was set in and was pretty sure it had to be Finland, only to learn later that it is not a real country, but instead fictional. Given the time the movie was released in and the fact that it features undisguised sexual intercourse in some scenes, I guess Bergman was in part also trying to shock people, as Sexuality was still kind of a taboo-ish topic back then.

Tystnaden is actually the third and final chapter of a trilogy comprised of the aforementioned Through a Glass Darkly as well as Winter Light.

Wikpedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Silence_(1963_film)


So that’s it for now. Of course Bergman’s filmography offers a whole cosmos of inspirational material to engage with, maybe this article is to be continued. To further read up on Bergman follow the link provided below.


~ T.H.G.

Ingmar Bergman: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ingmar_Bergman


The Environmental Dilemma

So I recently watched this video about Elon Musk and the stuff he is currently working on titled “21 Predictions Elon Musk has for 2021” and it got me thinking. No, in fact, that really was not the start of it. I have actually been thinking a lot about this feeling of mine lately. This feeling telling me something along the lines of “the future is actually here/approaching very fast now”.

You know, I mean the future we used to see in Sci-Fi movies or read about in novels: Self driving cars, talking electronic devices, Artificial intelligence, Expeditions to other planets (ok, we’re still on a very basic level at that) and even lag-free Videochatting on our computers and smartphones is now a thing thanks to good internet speeds. Hm, that one somehow sounded way funnier when it was still in my head. We don’t have to go outside to do “official” stuff anymore, we can sign documents digitally and a lot of the communication in todays society, for better or worse, is taking place online.

At the very least, we are in the middle of a powerful transitional phase, that will change life on this planet dramatically. Whether it is going to be a bright and good or dark and dystopian future remains to be seen. Probably something inbetween, really.

So as I said, thoughts about the current state of humanity and the world with regards to the natural environment we live in have been going around in my head lately. This is an issue of great importance to me, as I am an absolute nature lover. I was vegan for close to ten years and up until very recently, mostly for environmental reasons. I am still extremely conscious about what I consume and still eat an exclusively plant based diet, enriched with some regional eggs and fish.

However, lately, some realisations have been creeping up on me. They were quite subtle at first, then confusing. I did not know what to do with it. But let’s start off by acknowledging that the shit around us (humans) is pretty deep already and that we are going to drown in it at some point not too far in the future if we don’t do something about it.

I don’t even want to get into the discussion of whether climate change is man made or not. I am going to assume it is, as this is what the data we have available is telling us according to the vast majority of scientists (although, out of interest: If you are reading this and you actually think climate change is not man made – what are your arguments? I would love to know).

According to most scientists, we are already past the point of no return, meaning that some of the changes that are happening now and going to happen in the future are already irreversible.

And as people are becoming more conscious of this growing problem, the number of solutions offered to it increases.

Reducing the amount of animal products we consume is such an answer. A lot of the environmental problems we face today on this planet are associated with the production of meat and dairy products. And while the same can also be said for the production of plant protein, like soy or rice, the amount of resources used for animal products is several orders of magnitude above that. This is in part due to the fact that 90% of energy is lost per trophic level. Also, as probably a lot of people know by now, the meat and dairy industry is responsible for a huge portion of humanitys greenhouse gas emissions, mainly methane (Cow farts, not even kidding) and the good old CO2. Not to mention cattle farming takes up vast amounts of land which leads to deforestation and a reduction of biodiversity on a massive scale.

Also, the circumstances of production cause highly sentient animals to suffer in unspeakable ways. Suffering that they really shouldn’t have to go through. In my eyes, it’s one thing to just kill an animal for food. If you go to the forest or a lake, catch a wild animal and then kill it, you are at least somewhat part of the food chain. On the contrary, the torture and mistreatment of animals that happens every day in this economic sector disgusts me.

Okay, so much about the vailidity of veganism, which is, at least hypothetically, a very powerful decision one can make to make a difference.

The so called “zero-waste”-trend for example is another honorable mention, which revolves around reducing the amount of trash you produce as much as possible.

Another thing, which should be a given by now if you’re a civilised person by any means, is garbage separation. Yes, being conscious about littering is very important. After all, I think you enjoy the sight of a garbage-free beach or forest as much as I do.

So what do I want to convey here?

All these approaches are built (in essence) around the same principle: People having to take responsibility for their actions in order to make them work. Also, to save the planet, a high percentage of the population would have to apply these practices.

And I think, and this might be quite a claim (or not), that that is never going to happen. Ever.

As much as these things have become trends in our modern times, there are just too many people that really don’t care.

So as I see it, that leaves us with very limited options. One of which could be “Climate Lockdowns”. An argument that is increasingly being made right now, in the face of the Pandemic. And I have to say, when all of this shit started, the thought tempted me.

Just imagine what we could do if we used this level of Totalitarianism to influence other areas of interest”.

It seemed to me as if we had opened up a Pandora’s Box of possibilities – yet still, a Pandora’s Box it is.

It soon occurred to me that going down said path would inevitably lead to horrendous amounts of tyranny (not that the act of locking people down and telling them where they can and can’t go, what they can and can’t do isn’t already tyrannical in and of itself) and oppression as governments that are “given a hand” will proceed to take off your whole arm. I’m not even sure if this saying we have in German can be translated to English like that, but I think anyone reading this can understand what I’m getting at. Individuals and institututions naturally seek power and dominance and, if given power, seek to increase the extent of that power. A situation like that would without a doubt be abused badly by those in power for their own gain. Apart from that, the justification of allegedly “saving the planet” would make for a good way to greenwash the resulting tyranny, which makes for a truly problematic combo. If you don’t believe me, go open up a history book – extending state power to “make the world a better place” never worked out too well.

In my opinion, this has already begun, whether to a greater or lesser extent is hard to tell and not what I want to discuss here.

So what are we left with, really?

Well, to me it seems that the only real option that could save us in the end is the development of technologies that have the ability to shrink, stop or even reverse the changes done to the earths ecosystem. And this is where it finally makes sense I started this article talking about Elon Musk, because this guy, among others, is a the the frontlines of developing technologies like that. By the way, I simply used Elon Musk as an example, because he is the most well-known person of this kind. I do realise there are problems with his products and some controversy surrounding his persona (as there is with every “important” person).

To some people, this probably sounds kind of irresponsible and even ridiculous. If you would have made the same argument in a discussion with me a few months or years ago, I would have laughed at you, probably called you an idiot and reported to you all the numbers that make going vegan the only viable choice .

And to be fair, there are, of course, problems with this approach.

I, for my part, neither know what these “technologies” could look like, much less how to develop them, how they could function etc. but I am sure there are people who have the right skills and know where to start looking for these solutions.

And also, to support my argument, I would argue that this has, of course, already started long ago, even though it doesn’t feel like it with all the negative news surrounding environmental problems. Technology is gradually becoming less environmentally harmful and more energy efficient, while at the same time increasing in “technological capacity” (computers becoming more powerful by the year,…). This development has been going on for decades, centuries, hell, even milennia (however, environmental problems of this magnitude haven’t been present for as long, so let’s stick with the “decades” range here).

The rise of the internet has sped up this process quite significantly and I am sure we have not even remotely grasped the scale at which the World Wide Web is going to change (and already is changing) the world.

So there is hope.

And just for the fun of it – There is another option: Leaving the planet to give Earth a break. Probably not very realistic this is going to happen in time before Mother Earth rids herself of us for good. But it’s kind of a cool thing to think about.

So, what can we conclude from this short text?

First off: No, I am not actually arguing that we should all just blindly “trust Elon/ the tech superbrain of your liking” and ignore the ever-increasing problems that we are (to our best knowledge) causing on this planet.

Taking responsibility for your actions is a great and very important thing to do. So do it.

By all means, going vegan is great, reducing the amount of trash you produce is also a good idea. So do it, if you have been thinking about doing it. As is being conscious about everything you do, really. I just think relying on these kinds of ideas/ideologies as a means to change our future is… well, it is well-intended and powerful, but kind of a bit… naive maybe?

Do I truly believe everything I argued for in this article?

Well, kind of. Of course, I always try to reshape my opinions, implementing new impulses that make sense to me. The realisation that preceded the creation of this article was not an easy one for me.

I just wanted to put this on here because I have been thinking about it a lot lately, changing my approach quite a bit.

Is it going to work out?

Hell, who am I to know?

But what I do know is that we are most likely absolutely fucked if it doesn’t.


The Pursuit of Happiness


In these modern times we live in, disorientation and confusion, especially among young people, are rampant.

It seems that the inability to tell apart illusion and reality is one of the most widespread conditions nowadays. The emergence of social media in particular makes it easier than ever for us to lie to ourselves and others about what (our) life really is like. We have become addicted to this pseudo-reality with all its temptations.

I will go out on a limb here and state that we all share at the very least one common objective: We want to be happy.

But are we?

If anything, it seems more like the overall happiness of young people is at a low right now (there are numerous studies that point this way as well).

So what is going on?

No, this is not a rant about social media or the shortcomings of “Generation Y” (which I myself happen to be part of).

I would rather see it as a short analysis of the differences between short-lived pleasure (or “fun”) and what one could call “happiness” and the pitfalls that come with them.

Pursuing happiness in a world that offers seemingly endless possibilities to acquire said state of “happiness” ( most often just used synonymously for the state one enters when chemicals such as dopamine and serotonin flood our brains) has become exceedingly difficult.

All too often, we fall for the “Me + X = happy”-error, believing that something or someone is all we need. Once “X” happens, we will finally able to live the life we always dreamed of, right?

There is a fundamental difference between the aforementioned short-lived states of bliss and that of “true happiness”, which we often end up confusing with one another. The former being readily induced by means such as having sex, ingestion of psychoactive compounds, falling in love or more trivial things such as seeing a friend, having a meaningful conversation and feeling understood etc.. It is most often a very short-lived state of mind, that might eventually fade into a feeling of negativity, of “feeling worse than before”, for some time, as the “high” passes.

It is not my goal here to imply that there is anything bad about doing so. There is nothing wrong with having simple fun, as the impulse to seek out sensory satisfaction is part of human nature.

However, under the circumstances we live in today it is required to act in a more reflected and conscious way to prevent your pleasure-seeking from interfering with the rest of your life.

Regarding the latter it is important to acknowledge the reality that “true and everlasting happiness” in the sense of never feeling sad again does not exist. It is an ideal state, never to be reached by anything alive. This realisation, however, does not necessarily have to lead to the conclusion that living a life of hedonistic nihilism and/or eventually killing ourselves is the only thing that is left for us to do. All-encompassing “happiness” still remains very useful as an ideal one can aspire to achieve.

So what should one do in the face of these realisations?

One cannot simply “learn to be happy”. However, the ability to “be content” can be cultivated by conscious exploration of ones psyche and training oneself to look at things from multiple angles. Ask youself questions.

Do I really need X in order to be happy or do I just want it?”

Why do I want X?”

“Why can I not be content just the way things are right now?”

This way, the effects of negative situations as well as the endless desire to “want more”, respectively, the thought that you need anything at all in order to feel fine, can be reduced.

If you were to just give in to every impulse you feel each and every day, be it an impulse to eat drink, fuck, snort, smoke, buy, hit someone or whatever, you would become nothing more than a dysfunctional, fat and instant-gratification-addicted monkey by the end of the year, unable to resist any temptation at all.

However, just being content with everything is not a solution to the human condition either, as being to radical about this will bring the wheels of progress to a standstill. The human desire to aggress, to move forward, to create and learn is, after all, a great source of positive feelings and rooted in the exact opposite of being content with whatever situation we find ourselves in.

Therefore, succumbing to your primitive urges every now and then is almost a necessity and will greatly enhance your overall quality of life as long as you do it consciously and know when to stop.

Ultimately, the pursuit of happiness (if you want to call it that) remains a balancing act. To achieve a state that at least somewhat resembles that of continous happiness, it is necessary to accept the ups and downs of life, yet aspiring to live your potential, without succumbing to the vicious cycle of instant gratification followed by episodes of depression.

By balancing these two polar opposites, a state of semi-Equilibirum can be achieved with some conscious practice.

If you achieve it, you will find that you are already living the life you want and enjoy yourself without going overboard.

Life is a game after all and if you view its challenges and difficulties as being part of it, the bad times you will inevitably go through will stand a much lower chance of wearing you down.

About this place

Welcome to Goatland!

From today on, I am going to start working on transforming these empty lands into a place brimming with (mostly) written stuff on various topics. I am going to talk all kinds of stuff – Music, God, Love, Nature, Philosophy… it could even get a little political on here from time to time (although I’d like to avoid that because politics are boring bullshit).

At the end of the day, I will talk about whatever I feel the need to write about.

I am a German native speaker, writing in English in order to make the stuff I put up here accessible to the widest possible audience. I have some poems I will maybe put here as well (artsy, right?). However, they are exclusively composed in German language (I might translate them word for word, which is probably going to sound ridiculously silly).

The purpose of this is mainly to serve as an emotional valve of sorts for myself. But of course, if someone actually gets so lost in the infinitely vast realms of the web that he comes across this place and finds value in the ideas I share, that is perfectly fine!

~ T.H.G.